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Basic Ultrasound Scan Techniques

Sonography > Sonography Fundamentals
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Materials Included:

  • text-icoText
  • video-icoVideo
  • 3d-anatomyAnatomy
  • simulation-icoSimulation
  • practiseQuiz
This introductory module teaches you the basic principles and techniques required to begin general ultrasound scanning, and guides you step-by-step through some basic scans.

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This introductory module teaches you the basic principles and techniques required to begin general ultrasound scanning, and guides you step-by-step through some basic scans. The online simulator offers three different scan scenarios, using abdominal anatomy, so you can learn the scanning process, step by step.

This module is ideal if you are starting your sonography education or if you just want an introduction to the sonography profession. The content has been produced to support study for the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS) registry exams.

You’ll learn

  • general ultrasound terminology and definitions
  • key concepts such as scan planes (sagittal, transverse, oblique), image orientation, cross-sectional anatomy
  • what you need to consider when preparing and positioning a patient for a scan
  • generic knobology that applies to ultrasound equipment
  • the steps in performing an ultrasound scan (abdomen example) - you’ll get a chance to practice your skills with the interactive simulator, then test your knowledge
  • methods for obtaining optimum ultrasound images, including transducer approaches, manipulations, patient breathing techniques
  • how to annotate ultrasound images and measure structures
  • professional considerations, such as how to prevent musculoskeletal injury
  • much more (see Content tab for more detail)
Step 1 - Overview
Step 1.1 - Orientation
Step 1.1.1 - Anatomical directions
Step 1.1.2 - Planes or body sections
Step 1.1.3 - On-screen orientation
Step 1.1.4 - Abdominal quadrants and regions
Step 1.2 - Cross sectional anatomy
Step 1.3 - Abdominal vascular landmarks
Step 2 - Preprocedure considerations
Step 2.1 - Patient preparation
Step 2.2 - History
Step 2.3 - Patient position
Step 3 - Procedure
Step 3.1 - Image optimization
Step 3.2 - Transducer manipulation
Step 3.3 - Approaches
Step 3.4 - Breathing
Step 3.5 - Windows
Step 3.6 - Survey scan
Step 3.7 - Protocol
Step 3.8 - Annotation
Step 3.9 - Measurement
Step 4 - Postprocedure considerations
Step 4.1 - Patient
Step 4.2 - Preliminary report
Step 5 - Professional considerations
Step 5.1 - Ergonomics
Step 5.2 - Professional involvement
  • Define and explain related ultrasound terminology
  • Identify orientation on the ultrasound image
  • Identify and obtain cross-sectional anatomy on ultrasound images
  • Identify vascular landmarks used in abdominal imaging
  • Describe and explain the significance of obtaining a relevant patient history
  • Describe and explain the reason for patient preparation for ultrasound examinations
  • Describe and demonstrate the reason for patient positioning for ultrasound examinations
  • Manipulate the transducer in sagittal, transverse, and oblique planes
  • Demonstrate different transducer approaches and manipulations used to obtain optimum images on different body types
  • Describe and explain the reason for patient breathing techniques in order to obtain optimum images
  • Identify and utilize acoustic windows in order to obtain optimum ultrasound images
  • Describe and explain the requirements for annotation of ultrasound images
  • Describe the technique for measuring structures on ultrasound images
  • Using a standard format, write a technical impression
  • Demonstrate and describe methods for preventing musculoskeletal injury
  • Explain the importance of belonging to a professional

The SIMTICS modules are all easy to use and web-based. This means they are available at any time as long as the learner has an internet connection. No special hardware or other equipment is required, other than a computer mouse for use in the simulations. Each of the SIMTICS modules covers one specific procedure or topic in detail. Each module contains:

  • an online simulation (available in Learn and Test modes)
  • descriptive text, which explains exactly how to perform that particular procedure including
  • 2D images and a 3D model of applied anatomy for that particular topic
  • a step by step video demonstration by an expert
  • a quiz
  • a personal logbook that keeps track of all the modules the learner has studied and how long

For more details on features and how your students can benefit from our unique system, click here.

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