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Mammography, Bone Densitometry, and Quality Control

Radiography > Radiography Theory
XRMA

Materials Included:

  • text-icoText
  • video-icoVideo
  • 3d-anatomyAnatomy
  • practiseQuiz
This module provides an overview of mammography and bone densitometry, enhanced forms of X-ray technology that are used, respectively, to examine breast tissue and measure bone loss.

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This module provides an overview of mammography and bone densitometry, enhanced forms of X-ray technology that are used, respectively, to examine breast tissue and measure bone loss. The module also discusses quality management programs for radiographic imaging.  It offers students and practitioners an understanding of the technology and techniques involved in mammography and bone densitometry, and important considerations for effective radiographic quality control. This module is an ideal resource if you are studying for the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists® (ARRT) registry exam.

 

You’ll learn

  • how to differentiate between soft tissue and conventional radiography
  • to identify the technology involved in mammography
  • to describe the procedural requirements for conducting a mammogram
  • to describe the technology involved and procedural considerations for conducting bone density scanning
  • to identify the components of an effective quality management program
  • how to identify the common causes of image artifacts and how they can be prevented or minimized
  • much more (see “content details” for more specific information)
Introduction
Step 1 - Mammography
Step 1.1 - Soft-tissue radiography
Step 1.2 - Basis for mammography
Step 1.3 - Mammographic imaging system
Step 1.4 - Film-screen mammography
Step 1.5 - Computed radiography mammography
Step 1.6 - Digital mammography
Step 1.7 - Stereotactic breast biopsy
Step 2 - Mammography quality control
Step 2.1 - Roles of the mammography quality control team
Step 2.2 - Quality control program
Step 2.2.1 - Daily quality control (QC) tasks for a film-screen unit
Step 2.2.2 - Weekly QC tasks for a film-screen unit
Step 2.2.3 - Monthly tasks for a film-screen unit
Step 2.2.4 - Quarterly tasks for a film-screen unit
Step 2.2.5 - Semiannual tasks for a film-screen unit
Step 2.2.6 - Quality control (QC) tasks for a digital mammography unit
Step 2.2.7 - Routine QC tests for a computed radiography (CR) mammography system
Step 3 - Bone densitometry
Step 3.1 - Introduction
Step 3.2 - Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA)
Step 4 - Quality control
Step 4.1 - Quality assurance
Step 4.2 - Quality control
Step 4.3 - Radiographic quality control
Step 4.4 - Fluoroscopic quality control
Step 4.5 - Tomographic quality control
Step 4.6 - Processor quality control
Step 5 - Image artifacts
Step 5.1 - Exposure factors
Step 5.2 - Processor artifacts
Step 5.3 - Handling and storage artifacts
  • Discuss the differences between soft tissue radiography and conventional radiography
  • Identify the recommended intervals for self-examination and x-ray examination of the breast
  • Describe the unique features of the mammographic imaging system
  • Describe the image receptors used and spatial resolution obtained in mammography
  • Explain the differences between diagnostic and screening mammography
  • Describe the unique features of a bone density system
  • Differentiate between quality improvement/management, quality assurance, and quality control
  • List the benefits of a quality management program, to the patient and to the department
  • List elements of a quality management program and discuss how each is related to the quality management program
  • Discuss the proper test equipment/procedures for evaluating the operation of the x-ray generator
  • Evaluate the performance of the x-ray generator

The SIMTICS modules are all easy to use and web-based. This means they are available at any time as long as the learner has an internet connection. No special hardware or other equipment is required, other than a computer mouse for use in the simulations. Each of the SIMTICS modules covers one specific procedure or topic in detail. Each module contains:

  • an online simulation (available in Learn and Test modes)
  • descriptive text, which explains exactly how to perform that particular procedure including
  • 2D images and a 3D model of applied anatomy for that particular topic
  • a step by step video demonstration by an expert
  • a quiz
  • a personal logbook that keeps track of all the modules the learner has studied and how long

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